The athletics is the “queen” of all disciplines.

Athletics was born thanks to the common movements of man in the Paleolithic and these movements were: running, walking, jumping and throwing. In 776 a.C. in Olympia in Greece the Olympic Games were created and they were both religious and sporting events, in fact it was sporting because they were dedicated to Zeus. The first race of these games was the Stadium  which was a 192 meters long track, with time this distance was repeated 2 times (Diaulo) and then 7, 12, 24 (Dolico). Later two other running races were created which were: the arms race and the equestrian race. The arms race consisted of a 400m track with helmet, greaves and shield, while the equestrian race consisted of 1200m with bareback horses. Finally, a final race was created which was the chariot race which was a race that took place in a track divided into 12 lanes and was travelled with chariots, or pulled by 2 horse (Bigas) or by 4 horses (Quadrigas). Immediately after, the combat tests were instituted which were: fight, boxing and Pancrazio. Finally, the Pentathlon was established which was a test that included 5 races and the races were: running, long jump, javelin and discus throwing and fight. In 393 a. C. in the games there was no longer the love and passion of the past and also because now the official religion was Christianity, and together with the bishop of Milan Ambrose I decided to permanently cancel the Olympic games. The Olympic games returned only in 1896 with tanks to the French baron Pierre de Coubertenne who renamed them in Modern Olympics.

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Diego Borrata


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