THE DONATION OF PLACENTA BLOOD

Umbilical cord blood remains in the blood vessels of the cord and placenta at the end of childbirth.

In the late 1970s, some researchers found that it is rich in progenitor stem cells, which are useful in curing blood tumors and other diseases.

Cord blood is taken by the midwife after the umbilical cord has been cut.

The technique is:

-painless;

-free from risks;

-can be carried out both in natural childbirth and in cesarean section.

Placental blood transplantation is used as an alternative to bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of serious diseases such as leukemia, lymphomas, syndromes, myeloma, anemia, and immune system diseases.

Until now placental blood has been predominantly used to treat children and adults of low body weight.

There are three types of cord blood donation:

– Allogenic cord blood donation (Solidarity): This consists of donating the newborn’s cord blood to anyone in need and compatible.

In this way, any patient who needs a hematopoietic stem cell transplant can also find a compatible potential donor on the other side of the world.

– Dedicated donation: it consists in donating the umbilical cord blood for use dedicated to a relative of the newborn.

– Autologous donation: consists of donating cord blood for the exclusive use of your newborn baby.

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Autore:

Alessandra Calderone

Classe:

4°B Liceo Linguistico Enrico Medi Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto

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