Joe Biden, nickname of Joseph Robinette Biden, (born November 20, 1942 in Scranton, Pennsylvania, United States), became the new president of the United States of America after defeating Trump in the 2020 election. He received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Delaware in 1965 and a law degree from Syracuse University in New York in 1968. After graduating from law school, Biden returned to Delaware to work as a lawyer before turning to politics. He was elected in United States Senate in 1972 at the age of 29, becoming the fifth youngest senator in history. As a senator, Biden focused on foreign relations, criminal justice and drug policy.
In 1987, after becoming one of the most prominent Democratic lawmakers, Biden decided to run for president of the United States, unsuccessfully. In 2007, 20 years after his first presidential bid, Biden, once again, decided to run for president of the U.S, but, despite his years of Senate experience, Biden’s campaign failed to establish itself in a field dominated by Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama. Biden retired after receiving less than one percent of the vote, but after Barack Obama won enough delegates to secure the Democratic presidential nomination, Biden emerged as the front-runner to be Obama’s vice president. On August 23, Obama officially announced his selection of Biden as the Democratic Party’s vice president candidate and in November 2012, Obama and Biden were elected for the second time. As vice president, Biden played a leading role in the administration, serving as Obama’s advisor and a clear supporter of his initiatives. Biden’s close relationship with Obama was evident when Obama surprised him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, with honors, on January 12, 2017, a few days before leaving the office. In August 2020, Biden officially became the Democratic presidential candidate and chose Kamala Harris as his running mate.
During this time, Biden gained a sizeable lead over Trump, due in part to criticism of the president’s response to the pandemic. Although pre-election polls had shown Biden a significant advantage in key states, the actual competition turned out to be much closer.
However, on November 7, four days after the election, Biden secured the 270 electoral votes needed to win the presidency. In addition to earning a record 74 million votes, the future 78-year-old was set to become the oldest president in the nation’s history. On December 14, 2020, all 538 constituents of the Electoral College formalized Biden’s victory over President Trump in the 2020 presidential election.