RACISM IN THE PAST AND PRESENT.

History

Racism. How can we explain this very frequent word today? Simply, the human being divided into biologically distinct races, characterized by different intellectual, value, ethical and / or moral abilities, with the consequent belief that it is possible to determine a hierarchy according to a particular hypothetical grouping. Racism can be defined as superior or less than another.

But what is it in detail?

It is a recent phenomenon. In a broader sense, however, it is a general ancient tendency to discriminate the ‘different’ (nations, cultures, lower social classes), and the main function of racism, in all its variants, was always to justify some form of discrimination or oppression.

In 1950, the UNESCO Declaration on Race was the first document to officially deny the correlation between the difference in human races and the difference in psychological, intellectual and behavioral characteristics. But of course it is not over.

Racism today

The differentialist is obsessed with the idea of ​​“ethnic substitution”, that is, with the beliefs that too many belonging to different ethnic groups will inevitably lead to the end of national cultures. Ignoring that in the course of history these phenomena have always occurred and that we are, always and in any case, the product of a mixture.

Racism yesterday

The history of mankind since ancient times is characterized by racism. Don’t you believe it? I’ll quote you something then. We can recall here the one suspended between myth and history: the conquest of Palestine by Egypt by the pharaohs, the deportation of the Jews on the basis of the prejudice that they were an inferior people and their reduction into slavery. And the subsequent liberation of which the Bible speaks of the people favored by the Lord through Moses.

We can also talk about the BLACK LIVES MATTER movement.

It is an international activist movement, born through the African American community, committed to the fight against racism, towards black people. Black Lives Matter regularly holds rallies to openly protest the police killings of black people, broader issues such as racial profiling, police brutality and racial inequality in the US legal system.

In 2013, after the acquittal of George Zimmerman, who had shot the seventeen-year-old African American Trayvon Martin on 26th February 2012, killing him, he began to appear on various social networks #BlackLivesMatter, from which the movement then originated.

Numerous movie stars, singers and VIPs protest against racism, also contributing to the spread of the movement on social networks.

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Autore:

Miryam Tlili

Classe:

1 B Liceo Classico
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