Election campaigns are the means by which candidates and political parties prepare and present their ideas and positions on issues to the voters in the period preceding election day. Contestants use a variety of techniques to reach voters and deliver their messages, including through traditional and new media, public events, written materials, or other means.
Former Vice President Joe Biden won the presidential election on November 3, 2020. Biden received 306 electoral votes and President Donald Trump received 232 electoral votes. In the national popular vote, Biden received 81.2 million votes and Trump received 74.2 million votes. Biden was sworn in on January 20, 2021, becoming the oldest president to take office at 78 years old. His running mate, former Sen. Kamala Harris became the first Black woman and person of South Asian descent to serve as vice president. Biden announced that he was running for president on April 25, 2019.
With the plurality of pledged delegates, Biden became the presumptive Democratic nominee on April 8, 2020, after Sen. Bernie Sanders, suspended his presidential campaign. Biden crossed the delegate threshold necessary to win the nomination on June 5, 2020, and was formally nominated at the 2020 Democratic National Convention on August 18, 2020.
Biden announced Harris as his running mate on August 11, 2020. Biden called her when he framed his campaign as a challenge to Trump. “I believe history will look back on four years of this president and all he embraces as an aberrant moment in time. But if we give Donald Trump eight years in the White House, he will forever and fundamentally alter the character of this nation—who we are—and I cannot stand by and watch that happen,” he said.
He represented Delaware in the U.S. Senate from 1973 to 2009 before serving as vice president under President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2017.