Nowadays, journalism attests a country’s level of wealth and technology, because since it was created it was reserved to aristocratic people: in 1556 in Venice, the government published as the first monthly newspaper “Notizie Scritte” that cost one gazzetta, from which derives the modern name of Italian monthlies. So we can say that journalism was born in Italy, more specifically in the Republic of Venice. Only between the 16th and 17th centuries, we can find the first traces of written news in France and England.
How was the news printed? History tells us that the first type of printing was introduced in Europe by Johannes Gutenberg who printed the first edition of the Bible in moveable type in 1455.
This method and the following ones were used until the first Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, when they were replaced by the Rotary press, the first offset printing which allowed a larger quantity of printed newspapers as the world population increased. After the Inkjet and Digital printing, the press remained the same for about half a century, but the population did not. In a world which is constantly changing, printing is not sufficient enough to extend the increasing demand of news. The evolution of the Internet at the beginning of the 21st century is a milestone in human development; by spreading information it makes revolutionary changes.
Just think of the power of social networks: a politician who is on Twitter or Facebook, for example, has more chances to be elected than one who is not; moreover, there are some areas around the planet where the population would not know what is happening in the rest of the world if they did not check social media or online newspapers. As many studies have confirmed, the increase of the popularity of social media is justified by two circumstances:
- the growth of the world population;
- in a constantly changing world, social networks are more consulted than newspapers.
For all these reasons, the most important news organizations have made their way through the Internet, where it is possible to read articles at a nominal fee.