Black Lives Matter (BLM, literally “Black Lives Matter”) is an international activist movement which originated within the African American community and it is committed to the fight against racism towards black people, perpetuated on a socio-political level. This is because especially in America there have always been inequalities between the African-American population, that has got a darker complexion, and the white population; this inequality was given by the fact that whites felt and were considered superior to African Americans, who had almost no rights and were perpetually exploited.
African Americans obtained many rights with the civil rights movement of African Americans, which indicates all those social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans, to ensure legal recognition and federal protection of citizenship rights listed in the Constitution. The movement was characterized by major civil resistance campaigns. Between 1955 and 1968, nonviolent protest acts and civil disobedience produced crisis situations and productive dialogues between activists and government authorities. Businesses, governments and local, state and federal communities have often had to respond immediately to these situations that have highlighted the injustices faced by African Americans and which unfortunately they still have to face.
Black Lives Matter regularly organizes rallies to openly protest against the murders of black people by the police, as well as broader issues such as racial profiling, police brutality and racial inequality in the US legal system. One of the most famous of all these unfair killings of African Americans by the authorities was the totally unmotivated murder of George Perry Floyd, which occurred on May 25, 2020. His death was followed by the arrest of four police officers who intervened after receiving a call from a shopkeeper. The footage of the arrest, in which police officer Derek Chauvin immobilized Floyd by putting his knee on the man’s neck for several minutes, was very shocking. Floyd’s constant words of pain ‘I can’t breathe’, that he kept saying breathlessly due to the lack of air subsequently became the motto of the protests made in his honor and for his justice and for many other Afro-Americans killed unjustly. This story had a wide circulation in the international media and led to many protests against the abuse of power by the police, who were also accused of racist behavior.
Unfortunately, Floyd is not an isolated case but only one of a long list. The first case involved Eric Garner, who complained repeatedly, when the agent Daniel Pantaleo in Staten Island grabbed him by the neck to suffocate him. This happened on July 17, 2014 and it is just one of the many examples that can be made.
The thing that is most deplorable is that these events still happen in 2020 and that above all the guilty are not punished as they should be, because African Americans are still considered inferior, which is OBVIOUSLY NOT RIGHT. There is no need to be surprised if today there are still violent demonstrations and protests, because if we have rights they must be recognized by everyone and especially by law. The most frightening thing is how long will we have to fight? But it is not the question that is frightening but the answer, because we are all aware of the fact that, even if we fight continuously, the end of these struggles is far, too far away.