10-pin bowling, commonly called bowling, is an indoor sport, very popular especially in North America. The game consists in knocking down the greatest number of pins, out of a total of 10, with a ball of variable weight from a minimum of 6 up to a maximum of 16 pounds, which correspond to about 7 kg with three holes in which it goes. The pins are arranged at the bottom of a straight track in a triangle pattern.
-What is the correct throwing technique?
The correct throwing technique requires that the shot is made by placing the ball on the palm of the hand facing upwards, the elbow tilted 90 ° at the height of the side and keeping the forearm straight and the wrist straight. The starting position is with legs together.
-How is the track of the game?
It’s a specially constructed track in wood or synthetic material and bounded by two “gutters”, no less than 8.89 cm deep; shoes with special soles (in natural leather or suede) must be used which help to slide up to the edge of the throwing area of the track (called approach), where the ball is thrown and runs along its trajectory up to the pins. The track is duly oiled with a particular lubricant which, in addition to protecting the track itself, allows the ball to slide.
– How many players can play?
The game is played with a free number of players (in the case of an amateur game; while in competition the game usually takes place head to head between players or teams of players), over the distance of ten rounds. Each game turn can foresee two situations: either the knocking down of all the pins (in this case the term used is strike), or the partial knocking down of the pins (in this case you are entitled to an additional throw to try to hit the remaining pins, and if this happens the term used is spare).
The maximum achievable score is 300, total given by the sum of 12 consecutive strikes (1 strike in each turn for the first 9 turns, called frames, 3 strikes for the last frame). When at the end of the tenth round a spare is obtained, one is entitled to a further single additional roll; in the event that, again in the final round, the result of the shot is a strike, the additional shots become two.