Mount Fuji, also called Fujiyama, is the highest mountain-volcano in Japan and it is its symbol.
The mountain is the major feature of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (1936), and it is at the centre of a UNESCO World Heritage site designated in 2013.
It rises to 12,388 feet (3,776 metres) near the Pacific Ocean.
It’s a volcano that has been dormant since its last eruption, in 1707, but is still generally classified as active by geologists.
According to tradition, the volcano was formed in 286 BCE by an earthquake. The truth is somewhat more complex. The age of Fuji is disputed, but it seems to have formed during the past 2.6 million years on a base dating from up to 65 million years ago; the first eruptions and the first peaks probably occurred some 600,000 years ago.
This mountain is the only popular tourist site in Japan, for both Japanese and foreign tourists. More than 200,000 people climb to the summit every year, mostly during the warmer summer months.
Many people start climbing Mount Fuji at night, as better to experience sunrise from the summit—Japan, after all, is nicknamed “the Land of the Rising Sun.” The sunrise from Mount Fuji has a special name, Goraiko.
Near this volcano, there are many cherry blossoms, also known as sakura, that are small and delicate pink flowers produced by cherry blossom trees. This flowers are Japan’s unofficial national flower.