The consequences of a nuclear war

A nuclear holocaust or nuclear apocalypse is what will happen in case of a nuclear war. To date, the total number of nuclear weapons in all arsenals amounts to about 13,500, of which thousands are in a state of alert, that is, ready for launch. Since the end of the Cold War, these weapons have declined, but as technology has advanced they have become more powerful. In a survey at the Global Catastrophic Risk Conference in Oxford, in 2008, it was estimated that the probability of extinction from a nuclear war by the end of the century is 1%, the probability that 1 billion people will die by 10% and that one million will die by the end of the century 30%. The consequences of a nuclear war would be disastrous, in addition to causing thousands of victims, it would lead to long famines that would cause more deaths. Another cause of deaths would be nuclear fallout, or the fallout of radioactive dust that is carried by wind and clouds to very distant areas, where it would cause black rains that would contaminate waterways, soil and crops. Direct or indirect contact with radioactive materials can lead to radiation poisoning. An electromagnetic pulse is an explosion of electromagnetic radiation. Nuclear explosions create an electromagnetic pulse called EMP which is harmful to electronic equipment. In 2013, the U.S. House of Representatives considered the Secure High-voltage Infrastructure for Electricity from Lethal Damage Act, which would provide surge protection for some 300 large transformers across the country. The problem of protecting infrastructures from the electromagnetic pulse has also been studied in depth, especially from the United Kingdom. The greatest threat to human survival following an EMP bomb explosion would be the inability to use water and previously non-existent diseases would emerge due to poor sanitation. One should never go to war with any nuclear weapon as it could destroy the whole of humanity as well.

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Autore:

Francesco D’Auria

Classe:

II A – Furci Siculo

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