Synchronized swimming, renamed artistic swimming by FINA starting from 2017, is a water sport, framed as a technical-combinatorial discipline, which combines swimming, gymnastic elements and dance, in which athletes perform choreographic exercises in the water in synchrony with music and among all the components of the exercise and not only of the individual technical exercises called mandatory.
They can hear music even underwater thanks to watertight speakers called “underwater”. The competitions are divided into technical exercises and free exercises. Both technical and free exercises can be single, double or duo or team. Free exercises also include combined exercise. Synchronized swimming requires aquatic skills, strength,endurance, flexibility, grace, artistry, exact timing and mastery of scuba diving. This sport has been part of the Olympic program since the 1984 Los Angeles Games. Born as a typically female sport, over the years men have also begun to try their hand at this discipline until they start competing at an official level. In the international arena, during the 2015 World Cup in Kazan, the first mixed couple competition took place, consisting of a man and a woman.