STROMBOLI AND ETNA, THE JEWELS OF SICILY.

Stromboli volcano is located in northern Sicily, on an island of volcanic origin. Together with Lipari, Salina, Vulcano, Panarea, Filicudi and Alicudi, it is part of the “Aeolian Islands” group. It is an active volcano, and its cone reaches a height of about 3000 metres. It is also called the “Mediterranean Lighthouse”, due to its continuous eruptions. Fire and water meet in this place, forming amazing landscapes – the blue water meets the black sand (catching the colour of the ash released by the volcano).

In the past, about 4,000 people lived on the island. After the eruption of 1930, many locals were forced to emigrate to America or Australia, leaving the island almost abandoned. In 1949, thanks to Roberto Rossellini, the island reappeared out of the public eye. Currently there are only 300 permanent residents (not tourists) on Stromboli.

Etna is a volcano located on the island of Sicily, near the cities of Catania and Messina. Although its eruptions are very frequent (being the highest and most active volcano in Europe), its foothills are very populated. Etna’s activity dates  back about 500000 years ago, starting from antiquity to spit lava.

The most terrible eruption was in 1669, when the lava torrent split into three arms and destroyed twelve localities, surrounding the city of Catania. In the end, the lava spilt into the sea. At the same time, the top of the volcano broke and a new cone formed, taking the name of “Monte Rosi”.

Messina also suffered because of Etna’s activity. In 1908, a volcanic eruption caused a strong earthquake, which forced the residents to evacuate.

Although the inhabitants of the cities near these two volcanoes are accustomed to their eruptions, they never stop to amaze them: real natural wonders, where the red of the fire blends perfectly with the black of the night.

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Autore:

Denisa Nagy

Classe:

4° AAC
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