Inspired by the novel Schindler’s List by Thomas Keneally and based on the true story of Oskar Schindler, the film allowed Spielberg to reach the definitive consecration among the great directors, receiving 12 Oscar nominations and winning 7 statuettes, including those for the best film and best director. It is considered one of the best films in the history of cinema.
The film was shot entirely in black and white, with the exception of four scenes: the first is the opening scene, in which two candles are seen extinguishing, as well as, symbolically, the flame of two other candles regains color towards the end of the story. The second and third scenes in black and white, where a little girl appears with a coat, only the latter colored red, first during the sweep of the ghetto, then during the exhumation of the victims. Finally, the final sequence of the film is entirely in color, when, nowadays, stones are respectfully placed on the grave of the real Oskar Schindler at the Jerusalem cemetery.
In 1998 the American Film Institute placed it in ninth place in the ranking of the best one hundred US films of all time, while ten years later, in the updated list, it rose to eighth place. In 2004 this film was chosen by the United States Library of Congress to be preserved in the National Film Registry.