Hello everyone, my name is Desirée, I am 13 years old and I am here to tell you about my opinion on the Russia-Ukraine war. First, let’s review the situation: in May 2014, independence referendums were held from the self-proclaimed republics of Donetsk and Lugantsk, who proposed not to separate from Ukraine but to acquire a status of autonomy to guarantee the use of Russian as an official language. In fact, the first legislative act of the new government formed after the overthrow of President Yanukovych was the abolition in February 2014 of the Kivalov koleniskenko law of 2012, which made Russian an official language. This decision causes a storm among the Russian-speaking populations and ferocious repression ensues in the cities of Odesa, Dnepropetrovsk, Kharkiv, Luhansk, and Donetsk, leading to militarization in Odesa and Mariupol. At the end of 2014, the self-proclaimed republics of Donetsk and Lugansk remain. Subsequently, the Ukrainian major states suffer the attacks of the rebels and this pushes them to engage in the Minsk agreements1 (September 2014), but immediately after signing the Minsk agreements1 the Ukrainian President Poroshenko launches an anti-terrorism operation against the Donbass, but advised badly born they suffer another defeat and are forced to commit themselves to the Minsk agreements2 (February 2015). It is essential to remember that these agreements did not provide for the separation or dependence of the republics, but only for their autonomy within Ukraine. Indeed Russia demanded their application but refused to be part of the negotiations because it was an internal Ukrainian issue. In October 2018, after 4 years of war, the head of the military prosecutor Anatolia matios declared that the Ukrainian army was in a deplorable state, and for this reason the Ukrainian defense ministry turns to NATO to strengthen the armed forces, but being that time were very long, they resorted to paramilitary militias composed of foreign mercenaries often far-right activists. In 2020 they made up about 40% of the Ukrainian forces and were funded and trained by the United States, Great Britain, Canada and France. Western countries have therefore created and supported the Ukrainian far-right militias. In violation of the Minsk agreements, Ukraine conducts air operations in the Donbass using drones, with no one condemning this raid. In February 2022 Emmanuel Macron on a visit to Moscow reassured Vladimir Putin about the Minsk agreements only when he would have completed the meeting with Zelensky, but a few days later, under pressure from the United States, they again violate the agreements. At this point, the Russian parliament is alarmed and on February 15 asks Putin to recognize the independence of the republics, which he refuses to do, but on February 17 Joe Biden announces an attack by Russia (without having foundations), instead, the artillery bombings are on the populations of the Donbass. Of course, neither the media, nor the European Union, nor NATO, nor any Western government reacts and intervenes. This attitude of Joe Biden puts Putin in front of a choice either to help the Donbass and create an international problem or to watch the population get crushed. That day he accepts the DUMA request and recognizes the independence of the two republics of Donbass. Immediately after, he signed treaties of friendship and assistance. the bombing of Ukrainian artillery on the people continued and on 23 February the two republics asked Russia for help. On the 24th Vladimir Putin invokes article 51 of the United Nations charter which provides for military assistance in the framework of a defensive alliance. His goals will be set out in his February 24 speech in which he will seek to demilitarize and denazify Ukraine without taking over or occupying it. In my opinion, Russia does not have many faults, being that it wanted to defend the oppressed Russian-speaking populations of western Ukraine.
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