Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in South Africa; he was the first black President of the Republic of South Africa.
He began to form his own vision of life and society, setting as principles two concepts that would contravene his existence: equality and freedom.
At the age of 23, together with his cousin, he was forced to accept an arranged marriage with a woman from his village or to leave and live in freedom.
He chose the second option and found himself in Johannesburg where he studied law. Later he opposed the white political regime that governed his country; in fact, he sided with the majority of the black population who had been subjected to harassment, that is, abuse to recognize political, social, economic and civil rights.
In 1942 he joined the African National Congress, his activism was so strong that in 1944 he founded a youth association. During the 1950s, he also founded the law firm Mandela and Tonibo ‘ which provided legal assistance to black South Africans who did not enjoy legal protection.
In 1956 he was involved in a mass battle and was arrested, only in 1960 after a long trial all people were acquitted. In 1962 he was charged with leaking information to the CIA and was arrested and released only 27 years later, in 1990 following pressure and protests from the international community.
In 1993 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, and died in 2013 in South Africa.