France is a state mainly located in Western Europe but which also has territories scattered over several oceans and other continents. France is a unitary constitutional republic with a semi-presidential regime. Paris is the capital, the official language is French, the official currencies are the euro and the Pacific franc in the Pacific Ocean territories. The motto of France is «Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité», and its flag is made up of three vertical bands of equal size in blue, white and red The national anthem is La Marseillaise.

It is a state formed in the early Middle Ages, which takes its name from the people of the Franks. From the beginning of the 17th century to the first half of the 20th century, it possessed a vast colonial empire. In the second half of the century it was one of the founding states of the European Union. It is also the third largest nuclear power in the world, one of the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and a NATO member state. It is also a member of the G7, the G20, the euro zone, the Schengen area and hosts the headquarters of the Council of Europe, the European Parliament and UNESCO. France has some political, economic, military and cultural influence in Europe and in the world as a medium power It exercises its sovereignty over territories present on three oceans and four continents  Its geopolitics is important worldwide, because it has a large number of embassies and consulates, second only to the United States of America, and has military bases on all continents. France has the first exclusive economic zone (maritime space) in the world, to which is added a continental shelf extension of 579,000 km² in 2015.

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1B- ist. comp. O. G. De Cruyllas- Ramacca


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