Hi Manuel! What are you doing?
R.: I’m reading about doping… Do you know what it is?
M. : Yes, I know. I can’t understand why some athletes could use these substances! what substances are they?
R.: The substances used for doping are varied ; they allow you to increase muscle mass and strength, the supply of oxygen to the tissues or to reduce the perception of pain or to vary the body weight, finally they can also allow the athlete who uses them to have a negative result in doping controls. However, the use of drugs or substances for or non-therapeutic purposes, but aimed at improving psycho-physical efficiency during a sporting performance, whether competitive or not is unfair!
M: Of course! It’s unfair both for the ethics of sport and the regulations of the Olympic Committees and of the Italian criminal legislation, moreover it exposes to harmful effects on health, even fatal.
R.: do you remember the case of Marco Pantani?
he was excluded from the Giro d’ Italia in 1999 on the eve of the penultimate stage while he was largely at the top of the standings, is also attributed to the doping phenomenon.
M.: in reality Pantani was not positive for doping substances, but his hematocrit was higher than the maximum allowed value and this involved a precautionary suspension of the athlete to protect his health; than the methods of analysis which were scientifically not sufficiently precise were subsequently modified.
M.: and do you remember the sensational case Ben Johnson? He was disqualified at the Olympic Games in Seoul in 1988 after winning the 100-meter race and setting the new world record that was canceled, and that of Marion Jones who confesses about doping and for this deprived of all his Olympic medals.
M.: I was reading that the history of doping begins in ancient times, at the time of the first Olympics in classical Greece.
M.: However, the fight against top-level athletes’ doping began only with the death of the Danish cyclist Knud Enemark Jensen during the 1960 Rome Olympics.
R.: The International Olympic Committee (IOC) and some international and national sports federations appointed a medical task force to study strategies to combat doping and in 1989 the world political authorities created the WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency), later accepted by the national sports federations.
R: I feel really sorry for doping! Dazzling cases have occurred and still occur! I think fair play is an ethical concept athletes should apply to any spots and competitions, in politics, human relationships, respecting rules and social values!
M: that’s right! I agree with you! Bye!