Sergio Mattarella is an Italian politician, lawyer, jurist, academic, and the 12th president of the Italian Republic. He was born on the 23rd of July 1941.
He was close to the Christian Democracy, an old Italian centre-wing party since he was young and when his brother was killed by the mafia because of his actions against this evil as President of Sicily, he became even more active in politics. He was a member of Christian Democracy till its dissolution. Then he was a member of the Italian’s Popular Party, La Margherita, and the Democratic Party, these two last being instead centre-left parties. Throughout his career, he served as Minister for Parliamentary Relations, Minister of Education, Vice-President of the Council of Ministers, Minister of Defence, and a judge for Constitutional Court of Italy. On 31st January 2015, Mattarella was elected President of the Italian Republic having 665 votes (about two-thirds of the assembly). He appointed three Prime Ministers while being the head of the Italian State: Paolo Gentiloni (a leading member of PD, now the main left-wing party), Giuseppe Conte (at that time an independent politician, now the leader of the “Cinque Stelle” party, born as a protest movement some years ago) and Mario Draghi (banker and ex-president of the European Central Bank). He also named senator for life Liliana Segre, a Holocaust survivor, in 2018. He was re-elected on the 29th of January 2022 becoming the second Italian president to do so.