The diplomatic-military confrontation between Russia and Ukraine began in February 2014 and focuses on the status of Crimea, the Donbas region and Ukraine’s possible accession to NATO. In fact, starting from February 28, 2014, numerous groups of Russian soldiers began to arrive in Crimea and took control of the infrastructure and of a series of strategic positions. In April of the same year, the war between the Ukrainian government and the Russian separatists led to the self-separation of the 2 independent people’s republics of Donetsk and Lugansk. The international community condemned Russia’s military intervention accusing it of violating international laws and the sovereignty of the Ukrainian people, and many countries imposed economic sanctions. Unfortunately, the tension between Russia and Ukraine has become current again due to important and prolonged military maneuvers by the Russian armed forces along the Ukrainian border and due to the refusal by NATO to grant the guarantees requested by Russia. At dawn on February 24, 2022, Putin announced a military operation in Donbas, starting the invasion of Ukraine and, therefore, the war. But why did the conflict immediately take on great international significance? The accession to NATO of some countries that were once satellite states of the USSR led the Moscow government to believe that its national security was at risk.

On the other hand, the United States, fearing Russian expansion in Eastern Europe, wants to limit Putin’s influence and uphold the principle that each country has the right to choose its own alliances. Ukraine, while not a member of NATO, has never hidden its Euro-Atlantic sentiments and believes that Moscow cannot prevent it from building alliances with the West. However, this attitude is certainly not appreciated by the Russian dictator who has absolutely no intention of putting the “enemy” at home. And here is the deployment on the border of over 200,000 men with tanks and artillery in tow. The fear at this point is that Putin is not satisfied with the Donbas, but wants all of Ukraine, occupying it militarily or, more likely, favoring the installation of a puppet government, carrying out his project of reconstruction of the Soviet Tsarist empire afterwards.

Twenty years of unchallenged power in the Kremlin. A game of chess in which the fate of relations with Europe and the United States are played out. Unfortunately, today’s history holds dark and stormy days in which keeping peace alive could be a mission impossible.

May Divine Light illuminate our path!

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Francesco D’Auria


II A – Furci Siculo

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