Hi, my name is Gabriele, I’m 13 and today I want to tell you the story of one of the most important authors of English literature: Oscar Wilde. Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin on October 16, 1854. His father William was a surgeon and a versatile writer; his mother Jane Francesca Elgée, a poet and an ardent Irish nationalist. The future writer after attending the present Trinity College in Dublin and Magdalen College soon became popular. In Oxford, where he won the Newdigate prize with the poem “Ravenna”, he met two of the greatest intellectuals of the time, Pater and Ruskin, who introduced him to the most advanced aesthetic theories and who refined his artistic taste. In 1879 he stayed in London where he began to write and write poetry. In 1881 the “Poems” came out. A year-long reading tour in the United States increased his fame and gave him the opportunity to better formulate his aesthetic theory which revolves around the concept of “art for art”. In 1884, returning to London after spending a month in Paris, he married Constance Lloyd. Wilde is homosexual and lives this condition with enormous discomfort. In fact, after the birth of his children Cyryl and Vyvyan, he separates from his wife due to the onset of his first true homosexual relationship. In 1888 he published his first collection of children’s stories “The Happy Prince and Other Stories”, while three years later he compared his only novel, “The Picture of Dorian Gray”. The main aspect of the tale is that Dorian undoubtedly possesses many of the characteristic traits of the writer. In 1891, his “annus mirabilis” published the second volume of fables “The house of pomegranates” and “Intentions”, a collection of essays including the famous “The lapse of shame”. In the same year he wrote the drama “Salomé” for the famous actress Sarah Bernhardt, published in France and a source of serious scandal. The theme is that of strong obsessive passion, a detail that could not fail to activate the claws of the British censorship, which prohibits its representation. In 1895 he was tried for the crime of sodomy. Once in prison, he is also tried for bankruptcy. He finally died in 1900 in Paris.
Oscar Wilde and his literature￼
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