Mahatma Gandhi for Human Rights

First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.”

Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869. He he was an activist and he fought for human rights, above all for independence in India. While leading nationwide campaigns to reduce poverty, ensure greater rights for women, build harmony between religions and races and eliminate the injustices of the caste system, Gandhi applied the principles of nonviolent civil disobedience in order to free India from foreign domination. He was often jailed for his actions, sometimes for years, but he achieved his purpose in 1947, when India gained independence from the UK. Because of his role, he was referred to as Mahatma, which means “great soul”.

After leaving South Africa in 1914, he arrived in London at the time of the outbreak of the war against Germany. Here he offered his help in the ambulance service, but poorly treated pleurisy forced him to return to India. He arrived in India on 9 January 1915: he landed in the port of Mumbai where he was celebrated as a national hero. The leader of the Indian Congress Gopal Krishna Gokhale suggested him a year of “political silence”, during which he was invited to travel by train to get to know the real India. Gandhi accepted and decided to travel around the country, from village to village, to meet the Indian soul and get to know its needs. In 1919 Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress, the organization of the moderate Indian political elite with which he would fight for the independence of his country. Gandhi’s goal for the anti-colonial movement was Swaraj, or complete independence. Gandhi extended his principle of nonviolence to the Swadeshi movement by aiming at the autonomy and economic self-sufficiency of the country through the use of local goods.

Finally, I can say I appreciate Gandhi because he helped India to be independent and after they gained independence, he never stopped helping people! He protested to the violence against women, also doing a lot of volunteering for poor children.

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Vanessa Bosco



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