Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. The region has 5 million inhabitants. Its capital town is Palermo. The name Sicilia derives from the name of the Sikeloi, who inhabited the eastern part of the Island.
The original classical-era inhabitants of Sicily included three defined groups of the ancient peoples of Italy: the Siculi, the Elymians and the Sicani, who arrived from the Iberian Peninsula. In 750 BC the Greeks began to live in Sicily, establishing many significant settlements. The most important colony was in Syracuse; others grew up at Akragas, Selinunte, Gela, Himera and Zancle. There are seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Sicily: la Valle dei Templi is one of the most outstanding examples of Greek art and architecture.
Villa Romana del Casale is a Roman villa built in the first quarter of the 4th century, it contains the richest, largest, and most complex collections of Roman mosaics in the world. The Aeolian Islands are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea, these islands are tourist destinations in the summer. Late Baroque towns of the Val di Noto represent the culmination and final flowering of Baroque art in Europe. Necropolis of Pantalica is a large necropolis in Sicily with over 5.000 tombs dating from the 13th to the 7th centuries BC.
Mount Etna is of the most active volcanoes in the world and it is in an almost constant state of activity. It generated myths and legends.
Sicily has long been associated with the arts; many poets, philosophers, architects had roots on the Island. Terracotta ceramics from the Island are well known, the art of ceramics in Sicily goes back to the original ancient peoples named the Sicanian. The Sicilian Baroque has a unique architectural identity. Noto, Catania, and particularly Acireale contain some of Italy’s best examples of Baroque architecture.