New data confirm that the number of hungry people in the world is growing: 821 million, or 1 in 9 of the world’s population. The incidence of hunger has increased over the past five years. The situation is worsening in South America and most regions of Africa.. Climate fluctuations affecting rainfall patterns and agricultural seasons, extreme weather events such as droughts and floods, along with armed conflicts and economic crises are among the factors driving food insecurity.
In addition to conflicts, violence and economic crises, climate variability and extreme weather events are among the main factors in the worsening of world hunger and one of the causes of serious food crises since they undermine the production of important crops such as wheat, rice and maize in tropical and temperate regions; they also affect water and sanitation, thus increasing the health risk and the possibility of contracting diseases. Deforestation and the greenhouse effect are also indirect contributors to world hunger, as they make the soil less fertile and therefore difficult to cultivate. Insufficient food leads to weakened immune defences and consequently to disease and often death. There are many associations that deal with this emergency. The most famous are “Save the children, Unicef, Fao, Unifam, Unesco, Care, Oxfam”.
In our daily lives, we too can do something small, but it takes on great importance if it is done by many.
It seems to be a problem that is distant from us and for which we cannot be of much help. But this is not the case. If we set ourselves the goal of improving the health of our planet, our own health will also benefit; we will automatically help people in need, we will eat better, breathe better, and we will have contributed to maintaining biodiversity, which is essential to human life.