Basketball was invented in December 1981 by Doctor James Naismith who was a teacher at Springfield College, in Massachusetts. His superior asked him to think about an indoor game that would keep the athletes active during the winter and he invented the game that we all know and love today – basketball.
The first equipment was really simple: two peach baskets hanging 10 feet above the ground, and a soccer ball. The teams had to throw or bat the soccer ball into the opposing teams peach basket. The teams had nine players because Naismith’s students were eighteen. The first match was played on December 21st, 1981 and the final score was 1-0.
Soon basketball was played in all American colleges and then it spread worldwide.
The U.S Army had an important role in spreading basketball in Europe. When World War 1 broke out, American soldiers took this sport wherever they went.
How to play basketball today?
Two teams of five players each try to score by shooting a ball through a hoop elevated 10 feet above the ground. When a team makes a basket, they score two points and the ball goes to the other team. If a basket is made outside of the three-point arc the team scores 3 points.
The most famous basketball league is NBA (National Basketball Association) that was found in 1946 and The Harlem Globetrotters, a good basketball team in 1926, are now basketball ambassadors with their spectacular performances.
And now some records in NBA
Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points in a single match in 1962.
The tallest basketball player is the Romanian Gheorghe Muresan with his 2,31 m.
The shortest basketball player is Muggsy Bogues, 1,59 m tall.
Basketball is a wonderful sport. It is one of the most popular sports in the world. You can play it alone, if you have a basket in your garden, with your friends or in a team. The choice is yours, and basketball doesn’t lose any of its fun.