Cinematography was born on December 28, 1895, thanks to the Lumière brothers, because they screened their 1-minute movies, which were about current facts or little comic scenes.
The Lumière brothers were able to use the cinematograph, which was a device capable of producing moving pictures and making scenes realistic, even without sound or colour. This device spread all over Europe and around the world very quickly.
Famous is the film Arrival of a train, where the shot let the train move, thanks to the viewpoint. It is said that some spectators were so scared that run away. Afterwards, cinema became a new form of entertainment. New screening room were in fact invented with a symphony space.
Most of the film production companies were born in America; here cinema is a real industry, thanks to new techniques for instance film editing. Over the centuries, some producers settled down in Hollywood, which became a model for global cinema.
In addition, film industry developed in Europe: not only comic genre and cartoons in France, but also historical movies in Italy. In the past, cinema gained importance in Russia and Germany, because it played a political and social role.
During the first years, some special effects were tested, for example objects or characters could appear or disappear. Then, cinematic language techniques changed, such as the videotape editing or the camera movements. Finally, the sound appeared in the 1930s.