American animation

We have all known America since we were little kids watching silly cartoons.

Well, did you know where those cartoons were from? Did they feature a princess getting saved by a prince? If yes, it was definitely a Disney film.

Disney was originally founded on October 16, 1923, by brothers Walt and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio.

The company established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production, television, and theme parks.

The Company started gaining popularity with the birth of Mickey Mouse’s first episode in 1928, which was called Steamboat Willie.

However, the animated movie that confirmed Disney’s dominant role in the animation industry was Snow White in 1937, which started the Golden Age era of Disney movies.

During the Renaissance era (1989-1999), Disney entered into a feature film agreement with Pixar in 1991, resulting in the release of Toy Story, which was hailed as an instant classic upon its release in November 1995.

The two companies became best friends, however, nowadays Disney restricts Pixar from LGBT representation in their movies.

It’s sad to think about it because compared to Cartoon Network’s queer representation, Disney should be ashamed.

Located in Burbank, California, the studio primarily produces and develops animated programs and shorts for Cartoon Network and later Cartoonito.

The most popular show made by CN is Adventure Time, part of the childhood of many of us.

The show tells the story of Finn, a brave human Warrior, and his friend Jake the dog.

It’s a mix of comedy, philosophy, psychology, horror, and sci-fi.

Another important cartoon network show is Steven Universe, the lovely story of a young magical boy that will teach you how to love yourself and others too.

If you can’t afford professional therapy, watch Steven Universe.

(Actually just watch it, period.)

However, how is an animation made?

It all begins with the storyboard, a series of drawings put together to set the base of the animation.

The animation team puts all the storyboard drawings together and makes a small animation with no color.

Next, we have a character design.

The art team starts thinking about the look of the characters and drawing small illustrations of them.

For 3D animation, 3D models are created

that will later be animated, while 2D animation it’s more complex: first, the animators draw the base moves of the characters, and other animators draw more accurate movements between the previous drawings. Then they add color, lighting, and polish small details.

Finally, the render: 24 frames per second.

That’s how the animation transforms into a full-length movie or cartoon.

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Autore:

Fabiana Presti

Classe:

4°B2 Liceo Linguistico Enrico Medi Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto

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