A growing problem on today’s streets is drunk driving as a result of the ingestion of substances by adults and young people. Driving after taking substances compromises the driver’s concentration and reaction times, endangering his own and other’s safety, making an accident more likely.
In the UK it is an offense to drive after taking illegal drugs, as well as certain prescription drugs that cause sleepiness and affect coordination, concentration or vision. Drivers caught driving under the influence of drugs can receive a minimum 12-month driving ban, an unlimited fine and up to 6 months imprisonment. The prison sentence for dangerous drunk driving is up to 14 years.
In the United States people can’t drive if they are under the influence of alcohol or other drugs, including prescription medications. The blood alcohol level has to be 0.08, although it is possible to be convicted with a lower blood alcohol level. Individuals under 21 years of age are subject to a zero-tolerance limit and even a small amount of alcohol can lead to a DUI arrest.
In Italy, on the other hand, the “Highway Code” provides that anyone who drives after using drugs is punished with a fine that can range from a minimum of 1,500 euros up to a maximum of 6,000 euros and with an arrest from 6 months to 1 year and the suspension of the driving license is also foreseen for a period ranging from 1 to 2 years. The prison sentence for those driving under the influence of drugs is up to 12 years. The general legal limit of alcohol in the blood of drivers is 0.5. A special limit of 0.00% applies for newly licensed drivers having held their driving licence for less than 3 years, young drivers up to 21, as well as for professional drivers.
All this shows us how important it is today to carry out awareness campaigns on the dangers of driving while intoxicated and the damage we can cause both to ourselves and to others.