AGENDA 2030

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is an action program for people, the planet and prosperity signed in September 2015 by the governments of the 193 UN member countries. It incorporates 17 Sustainable Development Goals into a large action program for a total of 169 ‘targets’ or milestones. At the heart of the 2030 Agenda are five critical dimensions: people, prosperity, planet, partnership and peace, also known as the 5Ps. The official launch of the Sustainable Development Goals coincided with the beginning of 2016, leading the world on the way to go over the next 15 years: the countries, in fact, are committed to achieving them by 2030.
The Development Goals follow up on the results of the Millennium Development Goals that preceded them, and represent common goals on a set of important development issues: the fight against poverty, the eradication of hunger and the fight against climate change, to name but a few. ‘Common goals’ means that they concern all countries and all individuals: no one is excluded, nor should they be left behind on the path necessary to lead the world on the path of sustainability.
Here are the 17 objectives or “goals” of the 2030 agenda:
Goal 1: Defeat poverty: Despite considerable progress in the fight against poverty since 1990, over 800 million people, 70% of whom are women, still live in extreme poverty. The new Sustainable Development Agenda will now aim to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030.
Goal 2: Defeat hunger: Although the situation has improved in numerous countries, many people still suffer from hunger and malnutrition around world.  The aim of the 2030 Agenda is to end hunger and all forms of malnutrition within the next 15 years. 
Goal 3: Health and well-being: it aims to reduce child and maternal mortality as well as communicable diseases such as AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, and non-communicable diseases such as diabetes
Goal 4: Quality education: Goal 4 aims to ensure that all children, adolescents and adults – especially those most marginalised and vulnerable – have access to education and training appropriate to their needs and the context in which they live.
Goal 5: Gender equality: Goal 5 wants equal opportunities for men and women in economic life, the elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls, the elimination of early and forced marriage, and equal participation at all levels.
Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation:  Goal 6 aims to improve water quality and reduce water pollution, especially the type caused by hazardous chemical
Goal 7: Clean and accessible energy:  universal access to affordable, reliable, modern energy services.
Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth: Employment and economic growth play a significant part in combating poverty. Goal 8 aims to the promotion of sustainable growth and green business practices and the creation of sufficient decent jobs, in a context of respect for human rights.
Goal 9: Businesses, innovation and infrastructures: Investment in sustainable infrastructure and in scientific and technological research increases economic growth, creates jobs and promotes prosperity.
Goal 10: Reduce inequalities: Global inequalities are one of the biggest obstacles to sustainable development and the fight against poverty.
Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities: Goal 11 aims to reduce the environmental impact of cities, particularly in terms of air quality and waste management.
Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production:  fundamental changes are necessary in the way societies produce and consume.
Goal 13: Fight against climate change: Goal 13 calls on countries to include climate protection measures in their national policies.
Goal 14: Life underwater: goal 14 aims to protect the seas and the oceans from pollution and over -exploitation.
Goal 15: Life on Earth: The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are vital to social and economic development as well as to humanity’s survival.
Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions: without peaceful and inclusive communities development cannot be sustainable
Goal 17: Partnership for the goals:  It aims for a greater mobilisation of domestic resources to reduce dependence on foreign support, as well as enhanced international collaboration in science, technology and innovation

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Autore:

Matteo Raspa

Classe:

II A – Furci Siculo

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