The Massimo Bellini theater was designed and built by Andrea Scala and Carlo Sada in 1890, it was inaugurated on May 31 of the same year and the First Song player was Vincenzo Bellini’s opera la “Norma”. This theater is the center of representation of the Catania opera overlooking the homonymous Square. It is considered between theatres the best in the word for acustica.
It has changed name many times: first, it should be called “TEATRO NUOVALUCE” then it was dedicated to Vincenzo Bellini, a famous musician from Catania. The most famous works of Vincenzo Bellini in this theater are “Norma”, “La Sonnambula”, “Il Pirata”, “I Puritani” and many others.
It was built on a prehistoric lava flow and under the theatre the Amenano river flows. We find the water of the river in the fountain of the elephant and in the fountain of the Amenano, is called by the people of Catania “L’ acqua o’ linzolu” because the effect that the water that runs down looks like a sheet.
The facade of the theater is in neo-baroque style, there are three statues of the famous composers from Catania, of course Vincenzo Bellini, and two minor composers Coppola and Pacino. As you enter there is a round room called the “le petite foyer” in which there is the bronze statue of the architect Sada.
The interior of the theater is divided into one hundred and thirteen boxes into four rows, eight barnacles of the proscenium and a stage for the Head of State. In total it contains two thousand places.
The Vincenzo Bellini theater has an orchestra of 105 members and a choir of 84 elements.
The theater is a meeting point for the people of Catania, rich in history and culture.