The COVID-19 pandemic had its origin in Whuan, China, in December 2019. Soon after, it vigorously spread all over Europe and the rest of the world.
Due to rapid increase of the reported infections, all the European countries quickly acted to stop the contagion. The Italian government, for example, decided to partially close the country, classifying the regions according to the severity of the diffusion of the virus.
The pandemic in the UK began on January 31, 2020, when two members of a Chinese family resident in York, tested positive for COVID-19.
Others cases in February led Matt Hancock, Secretary of State for Health and Social Affairs, to introduce an urgent regulation called Health Protection (coronavirus) Regulation 2020, with the aim of delaying and stemming the spread of the virus.
On March 19th, Queen Elizabeth II retired as a “precautionary measure”, to Windsor Castle. On April 5th, the sovereign gave a speech to the nation, the fourth in 68 years of reign: “It is a moment of upheaval in the life of our country. A disturbance that has caused pain to some, financial difficulties to many and enormous changes in the daily life of all of us”. Moreover, she thanked the health staff and all the British who respect the rules imposed by the government. “The coronavirus will make the British bigger”, she said, certain that her people will be able to overcome “this unprecedented crisis”.